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NASA Studies the Human Body in Space for One Year to Extrapolate for Missions to Mars

Bringing some of the mysteries of the universe a little closer to home.

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Owlscrying
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Unread post Fri Dec 22, 2017 1:44 pm

Before we can run or jump, we walk. Before sending humans to Mars, NASA must understand how the human body is affected by living and working in space. Typical missions to the International Space Station last six months. A round-trip mission to Mars could last three years. Do the effects of being in space change over time? NASA is asking the scientific community to propose research that will help bridge the gap in our knowledge regarding long-term experiences in space.

NASA’s Human Research Program is now soliciting proposals for research that, when combined with ongoing NASA studies, could enable safer and more effective travel to destinations beyond low-Earth orbit. NASA is seeking research proposals in seven topic areas. Such research will help NASA establish a baseline for proposed deep space missions up to 400 days in length as well as understand, prevent, diagnose, treat, mitigate, and cure the potential health effects of prolonged spaceflight. Interested scientists and researchers will find a detailed description of the research emphases, as well as the proposal process and awards, on the NSPIRES website.

“To draw any conclusions about the cumulative effects of exposure to space, we need to observe more astronauts spending larger amounts of time in the space environment,” said John Charles, Ph.D., associate director for Exploration Research Planning of the Human Research Program at NASA’s Johnson Space Center. “Scientists can use the information to predict physical and behavioral health trends.”

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Owlscrying
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Unread post Fri Dec 22, 2017 1:46 pm

Image
Credits: NASA

NASA is taking the first steps on its Journey to Mars. Artist’s concept, looking toward Mars

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Owlscrying
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Unread post Fri Dec 22, 2017 1:47 pm



The International Space Station’s historic one-year expedition has been a mission of numbers – one that could add up to huge benefits for future space exploration – including the Journey to Mars, as well as for life on Earth. In March 2015, 2 space explorers, NASA’s Mark Kelly and Russia’s Mikhail Kornienko, set out on an unprecedented odyssey to the 1-and-only laboratory in microgravity, to conduct a multitude of biomedical and psychological studies on how the human body reacts to long-duration spaceflight.

Based on a scheduled March 1 return to Earth – the one-year crew’s 340 days in space will have seen -- almost 400 experiments conducted aboard the station, 5,440 orbits of the Earth, and Kelly and Kornienko will have traveled a total of about 143, 846, 525 miles – roughly the distance of a trip from Earth to Mars.

 

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